English as a lingua franca: From classroom to out-of-class communication

Main Article Content

Pelin Irgin


This case study explores the perceived contributions and impacts of out-of-class ELF-oriented practices on EFL learners’ perspectives for EFL communication. 22 Turkish EFL learners studying at a state university participated to the study and each of them were asked to engage in  communication with a large number of international and exchange students from different culture and language contexts on campus. At the onset of the process, Turkish learners were informed about the written and spoken genres of the out-of-class communication (including business meetings, job interviews, academic reports, resumes etc.) incorporated into an oral communication skill course in 14 weeks. Immediately after each ELF communication, that is the out-of-class communication activity completed with the native speakers or non-native speakers of English, they kept their weekly records and wrote self-reflections. The collected data were analyzed by following the steps of coding method (Merriam, 1998). Findings suggest that ELF-oriented practices out-of-class communication raised EFL learners’ awareness and perceptions towards cultural and linguistic diversities. Also, EFL learners appeared to show new insights on intelligibility in communication and willingness to employ communication strategies such as negotiation for meaning, use of non-verbal communication, in order to enhance their intercultural communicative competence.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Irgin, P. (2020). English as a lingua franca: From classroom to out-of-class communication. Focus on ELT Journal, 2(2), 4–16. https://doi.org/10.14744/felt.2020.00022